Does the glass ceiling really exist?
Does the glass ceiling really exist?
An interesting aside referring to my post about who created the internet - here is a talk by the man who created the World Wide Web =]
If something is premier quality its spelt masculine, but film premieres are spelt feminine.
So in case you ever wondered (as I did during a TV programme the other day) what you might call a monk, here it is.
Firstly, make sure he’s Roman Catholic. I haven’t researched other religions.
Secondly, find out if he’s a priest as well.
If he’s a priest, then you refer to him as ‘father’ (I guess being a priest supersedes the monkhood?)
If he’s not a priest, then you refer to him a ‘brother’.
Sometimes you may find that a monk, after taking his vows, is referred to as ‘dom’ or ‘don’, but this is context-bound to situation, location etc.
Where was cheese first invented?
Can you tan through a window?
This is a really difficult question to answer, as really there was not one person who invented it. A whole group of scientists were involved in the creation of networking, and they had no idea that what they were working on would become what it has today, so there were never any intellectual copyright issues for the internet.
I will attempt a short, and not too boring, history:
In the US, in 1958, an organisation called the IPTO (information processing technology office) was created as a result of increased government funding (because of the whole racing-the Russians thing). A man called Lawrence Roberts did a lot of work in this office, underneath various bosses (J.C.R. Licklider, Ivan Sutherland, Robert Taylor), and he was heavily influenced by the work of another man - Leonard Kleinrock.
The IPTO were responsible for the creation of the ARPANET.
On the 29th October 1969, the first two sites were connected to the ARPANET - part of the UCLA and part of SRI International in Menlo Park. The ARPANET came to be the core structure of what we now call the internet. The number of sites involved in ARPANET grew over time, but the network remained private.
The next big breakthrough was in 1975 when Bolt Beranek and Newman installed free public dial-up access throughout the US, therefore opening up the internet to the general public.
Following the success of this, a number of companies invested in the scheme to make it international, and access became available in the UK, other countries of Europe, Canada and Australia.
The internet continued to be improved upon for years but, again, I’m going to skip ahead to the last milestone.
In 1991 the World Wide Web project was publicised by CERN (created by Tim Berners-Lee). Whilst the internet had been accessible for many people for years, it was generally confined to academic and technical circles. The WWW opened up the internet for everybody to use, and by the late 90s the number of people using the internet every year was increasing by 100%.
Last year, it was estimated that the number of people using the internet was 1.7 billion.
So to conclude - as you can see - there wasn’t just one crazy-haired mad scientist behind the whole thing. And, without funding, maybe none of the people who worked on the project would have done it.
So you could technically say that we have the internet thanks to the US government. Either them or the Russians ;)
Were in fact named after the Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi!
Apparently they were invented during the war as a result of limited rations (maybe not quite in the format that we consume them today).
This is a sad story.
Nobody actually knows who invented cheese, or where it was first eaten as, unfortunately, it was already widely spread all over Europe before the Roman Empire (and there aren’t a whole lot of written records that predate the Romans).
Times that are thought to be when the first cheese was made range from 8000BCE when sheep were first domesticated, to 3000BCE.
The earliest actual archaeological evidence of cheese has been dated to 2000BCE, where it is depicted in Egyptian tomb murals.